STURZ, J. J. A Review, Financial, Statistical, & Commercial, of the Empire of Brazil and its Resources: Together with a Suggestion of the Expediency and Mode of Admitting Brazilian and other Foreign Sugars into Great Britain for Refining and Exportation.

London, Effingham Wilson, 1837.


8vo. Slightly later dark green pebble-grained cloth, spine lettered in gilt, yellow endpapers; pp. viii, 151, large folding table, others in the text; very light marginal wear, title and last leaf a little spotted due to offsetting from fly-leaves; provenance: from Gloucestershire County Library with their stamps and shelfmarks; contemporary engraved armorial bookplate G. R. Porter inside front cover.

Very rare first edition of this economic study of Brazil at the beginning of the Victorian era, with the aim of attracting British investment to the recently established independent country, 'now possessed of a well-ordered, economical, and popular Governement' (p. viii). Johann Jakob Sturz was born in Frankfurt (1800) to a Bavarian civil servant, who had 12 children. He became a merchant, and driven by wanderlust did business in Mexico, before he was hired by a London gold mining company active in Brazil. Disgusted by the treatment of the black workforce, he quit this good position after two years. He then campaigned for free trade with Brazil, linking the country with the world economy, against slavery, and after long negotiations and after having invested much of his own wealth, a British steam ship company gained access to Brazilian rivers and ports in 1838. He devoted the rest of his life (he died in 1877) to philanthropic causes, and campaigned against cruelty to animals. All of his books and pamphlets are of great rarity.

Borba de Moraes 841.